Which of the following brain regions is most closely related with both affective state and memory?
A) Parietal lobe
B) Occipital lobe
C) Limbic lobe
D) Insular cortex
While the MCAT won’t demand a detailed knowledge of the brain’s physiology, you will be expected to be familiar with the lobes of the brain and their main functions:
Frontal lobe—conscious thought
Parietal lobe—integrating sensory information from various senses, visuospatial processing
Occipital lobe—sense of sight
Temporal lobe—senses of smell and sound, processing of complex stimuli like faces
Limbic lobe—emotion, memory
Insular cortex—pain, some other senses
Here, the question asks about affective state (meaning emotion) and memory, making (C) the right answer.