MCAT Biology Question — Dihybrid Cross | Next Step Test Prep MCAT Biology Question — Dihybrid Cross | Next Step Test Prep

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For a particular plant, straight leaves result from a dominant gene (L) and wrinkled leaves result from a recessive gene (l), and tall height results from a dominant gene (T) while short height results from a recessive gene (t). A dihybrid cross is performed with plants heterozygous for both traits. What is the expected ratio of short, straight-leaved plants to tall, straight-leaved plants?

 

a) 1:1

 

b) 1:2

 

c) 1:3

 

d) 3:1

 

Explanation

In a dihybrid cross, the genes for two traits are crossed in a Punnett square. For two heterozygotes crossed in a Punnett square, the expected ratio of recessive/recessive, dominant/recessive, recessive/dominant, to dominant is 1:3:3:9. In this particular question, the ratio of both recessive/dominant to dominant/dominant is 1:3.

new 4tests Punnett square

a) 1:1, incorrect.

b) 1:2, incorrect.

c) 1:3, correct, This ratio is shown above by the ratio of blue genotypes to orange genotypes.

d) 3:1, incorrect.

 

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